Being dependant …or dependent?

There are many words in the English language that can be confusing; when you are whizzing through the content of the writing, it is easy to use the wrong spelling of a word and spell check won’t always pick it up!

The word dependent/dependant is one of those that nearly tripped me up recently so here is your quick guide:

1109825250_1442988766_m

Dependant

The word dependant refers to a person and is a noun.

A dependant is a person who is dependent on or who relies on someone else in order to live. (For example, a child is dependent on its parents. Therefore, a child is a dependant of its parents.)

Example:

·        All embassy staff and their dependants must be at the airport by 6 o’clock. Description: http://www.grammar-monster.com/images/bultick.gif

(The word dependants means spouses and children.)

Dependent

The word dependent is an adjective meaning contingent on, relying on, supported by or addicted to.
Example:

  • The safety of the trip was weather dependent.
  • She is dependent on chocolate; it gets her through the day.

 

“What’s all the rowing about?”

Homonyms, homographs and homophones

The English language can be tricky sometimes.  The title of this blog post, for example, has more than one possible meaning.  What does a reader need to ensure that they have understood the meaning of the sentence?

I could be about to talk about having  an  argument or about using oars to move a boat across the water.  But I  am going to do neither; instead I would like to discuss homonymy.

Just the other day, somebody was asking me the difference between homophones, homonyms and homographs and it seemed an ideal post!  It’s always good, I think, to brush up on semantics!

Homonyms

Definition:  words that have the same spelling and pronunciation but a different meaning:

eg:  The chairs were placed in a row.

The boat was heavy and hard to row.


Homonymy means that words are identical in both spelling and sound.  In partial homonymy or heteronymy, words can be homophones or homographs. 


 

Homograph

Definition:  Words that are spelled the same but which have a different meaning and sometimes different pronunciation.

eg:  The dog was about to bark.

The tree had silver bark.

We had an angry row late into the night.

Once I got going, the boat was easy to row.

Homophones

Definition:  Words which have different spellings and meanings but are pronounced the same.

eg:  I wanted to go over there.

They’re the best shop in town.

They bought their own lunch.


 

To return to the question from earlier, context is very important in order to avoid ambiguity.  Even as a title in a newspaper or magazine, a well placed photo would leave readers in no doubt of the meaning/pronunciation of the word ‘rowing’.

Below, I leave you with a quick table to summarise the differences between the terms.

Term Meaning Spelling Pronunciation
Homonym Different Same Same
Homograph Different Same Same or different
Homophone Different Same or different Same

adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homonym

References

Crystal, D.  2000.  The Cambridge Encyclopedia of The English Language.  CUP.  Cambridge

Wales, K. 2001.  A Dictionary of Stylistics.  Pearson Education. London.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homonym accessed 1/12/14